Utilitarianism animal rights essay

In making arguments such as the one above, we cannot acquire new knowledge: In the absence of better alternatives, I have used this strategy. And while many of these theories differ substantially, most have at least one common underlying principle, namely that humans deserve to be treated with a certain level of respect.

The Importance of Wild-Animal Suffering

Oxford University Press, Following beauty is not a mere indulgence, but may even be a moral obligation. Such propositions convey information that is not already included in the names or terms employed, and their truth or falsity depends on whether or not they correspond to relevant features of the world.

That human beings universally do desire happiness, and take it to be reasonable to do so under free consideration, is evidence that happiness is desirable. Ray Briggs writes in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Part of the impulse for this account of psychology is its apparent scientific character and beauty.

So there is no moral line you can draw that separates animals and humans. In like manner, I apprehend, the sole evidence it is possible to produce that anything is desirable, is that people do actually desire it.

This means that utilitarianism, if correctly interpreted, will yield a moral code with a standard of acceptable conduct very much below the level of highest moral perfection, leaving plenty of scope for supererogatory actions exceeding this minimum standard.

Utilitarianism and Animal Rights Essay Sample

Thus the range of rights that animals need is not always the same as the range of rights that humans need. This contributed to his sense that while his education had fostered his analytic abilities, it had left his capacity for feeling underdeveloped. He focuses on four different methods of experimental inquiry that attempt to single out from the circumstances that precede or follow a phenomenon the ones that are linked to the phenomenon by an invariable law.

The theological utilitarians had the option of grounding their pursuit of happiness in the will of God; the hedonistic utilitarians needed a different defence. Cadell in the Strand, As Alastair Norcross has said, "suppose that Homer is faced with the painful choice between saving Barney from a burning building or saving both Moe and Apu from the building…it is clearly better for Homer to save the larger number, precisely because it is a larger number… Can anyone who really considers the matter seriously honestly claim to believe that it is worse that one person die than that the entire sentient population of the universe be severely mutilated.

This would seem to indicate that what is necessary for the good is at least the absence of bad intentionality. Samuel Scheffler takes a different approach and amends the requirement that everyone be treated the same. But this is quite compatible with a full appreciation of the intrinsic superiority of the higher.

He cannot rightfully be compelled to do or forbear because it will be better for him to do so, because it will make him happier, because, in the opinion of others, to do so would be wise, or even right. One can say with relative security, looking at the breadth and complexity of his work, that Mill was the greatest nineteenth century British philosopher.

Sen, Amartya, and Bernard Williams, eds.


The notion that truths external to the mind may be known by intuition or consciousness, independently of observation and experience, is, I am persuaded, in these times, the great intellectual support of false doctrines and bad institutions.

Animals have no sense of morality. The conviction that, for example, some laws are bad resulted in analysis of why they were bad. Hare argues that in practice, most of the time, we should be following the general principles: Nancy Rosenblum noted that for Bentham one doesn't simply decide on good laws and leave it at that: Translated by Mary Morris.

In terms of his place in the history of utilitarianism we should note two distinct effects his system had. People of a utilitarian philosophy may hold an outlook like this.

The pleasure of drinking a beer in front of the T. Works Mill wrote on a startling number of topics. But the argument goes deeper than this plausible claim, relying on stronger premises. But he does argue that such propositions share the feature of conveying no genuine information about the world.

Individuals have wants, not mankind; individuals seek satisfaction, not mankind. Though these are difficult questions, Mill provides the reader with a principled way of deliberating about them.

Rhetorically, anyway, one can see why this is an important move for Bentham to be able to make. With duties, on Mill's view, it is important that we get compliance, and that justifies coercion.

The Philosophy of John Stuart Mill. The chief danger represented by the proponents of intuitionism was not from the ethical content of their theories per se, which defended honesty, justice, benevolence, etc. People have grater mental capacities than animals and cannot measure up to us.

Edited by Mylan Engel Jr. and Gary Lynn Comstock, this book employs different ethical lenses, including classical deontology, libertarianism, commonsense morality, virtue ethics, utilitarianism, and the capabilities approach, to explore the philosophical basis for the strong animal rights view, which holds that animals have moral rights equal in strength to the rights of humans, while also.

Animal Rights Of Zoos And Aquariums - “A government-funded study of elephants in UK zoos found “there was a welfare concern for every elephant in the UK.” 75% of elephants were overweight and only 16% could walk normally ” (“10 Facts”). I regard myself as an advocate of animal rights — as a part of the animal rights movement.

That movement, as I conceive it, is committed to a number of goals, including. For utilitarianism, the use of nonhuman animals can be acceptable only if the happiness their exploitation causes is greater than the harm it causes. But it is very hard to think of any way in which this could be the case.

relativism. Belief that human judgments are always conditioned by the specific social environment of a particular person, time, or place. Cognitive relativists hold that there can be no universal knowledge of the world, but only diverse interpretations of it.

Animal rights are benefits people give to animals. Benefits include the right of protection from human use and abuse and rights can take moral, legal and practical forms.

Utilitarianism animal rights essay
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